A Renaissance Cuban Fortress

While on their tour of Cuba, my parents found yet another impressive sight on the coast of Santiago city in Cuba – a Castle, which is also a renaissance fortress, called Castillo de San Pedro de la Roca.

This famous historical fortress has been an UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1997, and is the best preserved monument of Spanish-American military architecture.
fort05fort03 fort02Castillo de San Pedro de la Roca was built in the 17th century as ordered by Spanish King Philip II and took almost 62 years to complete. It was built for the city’s protection against pirates and military attacks. Some parts of the fortress were also used as a prison in the 18th century.

The fortress which houses an interesting Museum of the Pirates, contains a series of forts, bulwarks, barricades, citadels, armories, and batteries.fort01 fort09

The Fortress was constructed on the rocky, steep sides of the promontory and overlooks the bay.  See photos below of the magnificent view from the fortress.
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