Today, we discovered many toadstools growing on the ground and around a tree in the corner of our yard. Toadstools are poisonous, inedible mushrooms. The sole guide to harvesting mushrooms is to consider ALL mushrooms as poisonous unless you are an expert at mushroom identification.
Poisonous mushrooms, when consumed, can cause serious illness and, in some cases, even death. I read that the symptoms of eating toxic mushrooms include sweating, cramps, diarrhea, confusion, convulsions, and potentially result in liver damage with a mortality rate of 60% or higher.Mushrooms are the fruits or flowers of a fungus called mycelium. This fungus is usually hidden in the soil, wood, or another food source, and may cover many acres.
Mushrooms are neither classified as plants nor animals. They have no chlorophyll – the green pigment found in plants, so they don’t need sunshine to grow and thrive. Mushrooms however, take in oxygen for their digestion and metabolism and “exhale” carbon dioxide as a waste product. Fungal proteins are similar in many ways to animal proteins. Mushrooms grow from spores and they feed on decaying food matter produced by green plants.
I understand that when mushrooms digest decaying organic, they secrete enzymes into their surroundings, producing nutrients that they then absorb. Mushrooms will greatly improve the quality of soil in your garden. Mushrooms are usually the shape of an umbrella with a cup-shaped or flat cap on top of a stalk. Some species can grow to a maximum height of 15 inches, having a maximum diameter of 18 inches.
Mushroom have various colors and may be white, orange, brown, red, yellow, violet, green, black, and blue. Edible mushrooms contain Vitamins C, B6 and B12, and are an excellent source of copper, potassium and selenium.
They contain medicinal properties and are known to:
- help reduce blood pressure
- moderate blood sugar
- reduce cholesterol
- enhance the immune system
- reduce stress, and
- help in fighting many types of cancer.
I found this guide showing Types of Edible mushrooms @ pic2fly